What is the cause of varicose veins?


Men rarely suffer from varicose veins in their legs, but the number of women exposed to this scourge is increasing every year.

Many sincerely believe that the problem of varicose veins is purely cosmetic in nature, and they buy creams and gels in pharmacies, the manufacturers of which promise perfect disguise of the veins protruding from under the skin. But professional phlebologists call varicose veins a blow to the legs with an eye on the heart.

For diseases such as varicose veins, most of the representatives of a particular risk group are quite irresponsible, while it all comes down to the early stages. Even if bluish spider veins are clearly visible on the skin, and severe swelling of the legs makes themselves felt, this is not perceived as an alarming signal, everything is attributed to accidental malaise.

Meanwhile, the essence of varicose veins lies in the fact that the walls of the vessels located directly under the skin lose their elasticity. The very words "varicose veins", "varicose" originated from the Latin varix, which means "knot". Indeed, after a while, nodular formations do appear on the surface of the stretched veins.

And then the matter takes on a very serious turn. Blood clots can accumulate in these nodes: if they break off and reach the pulmonary artery, then a lethal outcome is possible. There is also another option: the fragility of the vessels and their deformation lead to the development of trophic ulcers, since due to the deterioration of skin nutrition, inflammation of the subcutaneous layers can begin.

Varicose veins: risk groups

Like any other disease, varicose veins on the legs are much easier to prevent than to cure. But in order to prevent, you need to know the reasons for the phenomenon. Phlebologists have no consensus on this score. Some argue that the roots of the phenomenon are associated with congenital weakness of the venous walls. Others associate varicose veins with disorders of immunological or neuroendocrine disorders.

There are also theories that look at mechanical obstructions to blood flow and venous valve weakness. And yet, most researchers are inclined to believe that hereditary factors are the basis of varicose veins. If a mother or grandmother suffers from it, then, most likely, the daughter (granddaughter) will also have a predisposition. But whether it manifests itself or not, and what stage it will reach, depends only on whether you pay due attention to its prevention.

Most often, people who suffer from varicose veins, by virtue of their profession, are forced to lead a sedentary lifestyle. To this should be added those who spend eight to ten hours of the working day on their feet, not being able to sit down once again. In women, varicose veins can be triggered by pregnancy, hormonal changes in the body, or the habit of wearing uncomfortable high-heeled shoes.

How to identify varicose veins at an early stage?

The first sign of varicose veins is the appearance on the skin of the so-called spider veins of a reddish or bluish tint. Primary varicose veins may resemble a mesh in appearance. Most often, both are manifested on the legs, but varicose veins can also be localized in the area of the ankles or thighs. By the end of the day, a feeling of heaviness and discomfort in the legs usually appears, and such a symptom as cramps is not excluded.

Any of these signs is a good reason for contacting a phlebologist, and it is desirable to do this as soon as possible. Modern medicine has quite delicate ways to eliminate damaged veins, and you won't have to go under the surgeon's scalpel.