Is it possible to play sports with varicose veins?

Veins with varicose veins are enlarged in length, tortuous. Varicose veins develop with muscle weakness of the walls of the veins, due to the deterioration of the valves and a decrease in the elasticity of the vessels. Weakness of the vascular walls is congenital, and the causes of varicose veins arise in the process of life.

Swelling, heaviness in the legs is experienced by people forced to work in a sitting or standing position. The reasons for the progression of the disease are hormonal disruptions or disorders due to the age of the person.

The disease affects women and overweight people. In women, hormonal changes are actively occurring, which predisposes to the occurrence of varicose veins. Statistics claim that the symptoms of varicose veins suffer: 20% of men and about 40% of women.

Is it possible to play sports

The network of blood vessels is essential for the body to function. The arteries carry nutrients and oxygen to the tissue under the influence of the heart, which acts as a pump. The return flow of blood through the veins is provided by muscles and valves in the veins, their purpose is to pass blood only in the opposite direction.

When the valves do not fully work (do not completely block the channel), blood reflux occurs - a return flow to the legs. The vascular system (venous basin) consists of superficial and deep veins. Vessels (superficial) collect blood from the upper layers, carry it into deep veins, located next to the bones and supported by muscles. They transport to the heart.

In reflux, the veins are stretched due to increased pressure on the vessel walls. Varicose veins begin in the superficial veins. Initial symptoms of varicose veins appear: veins appear through the skin, edema appears, heaviness in the legs. With the progression of varicose veins, the color of the skin changes, pain occurs, in advanced stages - ulcers. If the disease also affects the deep veins, CVI (chronic venous insufficiency) occurs, threatens with severe complications (thrombosis, trophic ulcers, thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery).

Is it possible to play sports with varicose veins?

To assess what exercises can be done with varicose veins and your possibilities in sports, you need to consult a doctor (phlebologist or angiosurgeon) and undergo an examination if such symptoms appear:

  • feeling of heaviness in the legs at the end of the day;
  • bluish cobwebs, stars on the skin;
  • swelling, bloating, fever;
  • swollen, twisting, knotty veins.

What exercises should not be done with varicose veins

Dangerous for varicose veins in the legs, loads that increase pressure in the veins:

Anaerobic loads.During such workouts, in a static position of the body, the body's need for oxygen increases, the heart rate increases and intravascular pressure increases.

Therefore

  • strength training on simulators;
  • bodybuilding (muscle building);
  • lifting weights (barbells, weights) while standing;
  • powerlifting (powerlifting);
  • fast running, cycling.

can cause bleeding, provoke thrombosis and are strictly prohibited for varicose veins. Classes are possible only at the first stage of the disease, subject to certain restrictions:

  • shorten the duration of classes;
  • bandage legs with elastic bandages;
  • drink plenty of fluids to avoid seizures (water with lemon);
  • exercises for pumping up muscles should be performed only while sitting / lying down;
  • do not lift weight > 3-5 kg.

Any strength exercises in a standing position should not be done with varicose veins of the legs!

Squats and jumpswith varicose veins of the lower extremities are contraindicated. Such exercises lead to pressure drops, which can cause a blood clot to break, rupture of the vessel wall and bleeding. Bulging veins and their bends (aneurysms) can rupture during squatting, jumping, forming subcutaneous hematomas. They can become inflamed and form ulcers.

Strength training is not recommended

Step aerobicsare dance movements performed on a step (special stand). This rhythmic gymnastics is incompatible with varicose veins. These trainings can worsen the patient's condition and contribute to the progression of the disease. It is better to give up step aerobics (even with a mild stage of varicose veins), since there is a great danger of trauma to the veins.

Fast runningis ​​contraindicated in thrombophlebitis, as it can provoke a blood clot to break off.

Of course, muscles (including legs) need training, and sports cannot be ruled out. With sedentary work, the pressure in the veins increases. Therefore, going to the gym is necessary to activate blood circulation. But training with varicose veins must be approached reasonably, avoiding very heavy loads and prolonged exercises. Exercise with overloads for the legs should be excluded. For exercising in the gym with varicose veins, it is advisable to wear clothes made of compression hosiery to maintain muscles. Do not overstrain your legs on exercise machines.

What sports can you do with varicose veins

Many doctors consider it beneficial to exercise for patients with varicose veins and welcome the alliance - varicose veins and the gym. For training, you need to correctly select exercises that improve blood circulation and lymph drainage and strengthen blood vessels. The main thing is not to exceed the feasible loads. With the onset of varicose veins, you can exercise, observing the caution and recommendations of a doctor. It is allowed to engage in any kind of sports, except weight lifting. Any load (even minor) is dangerous when the disease is in its later stages. They can lead to serious complications of the disease.

Most acceptable:

  • Walking. Walking for half an hour every day is very beneficial for the legs. At the same time, it is very important to breathe correctly (inhale / exhale for every three steps);
  • Sports walking
  • easy running, avoiding excessive leg fatigue;
  • yoga (balance asanas, inverted);
  • swimming, water aerobics;
  • cycling against stagnation of blood in the legs;
  • fitness;
  • golf.

We'll have to give up professional sports. This requires maximum physical exertion (training to the edge of human capabilities).

The doctors answered categorically “no” to the question whether it is possible to do fitness with varicose veins. Modern doctors have changed this point of view and recommend for the treatment, as well as the prevention of varicose veins and fitness.

After clarifying the stage of the disease from the doctor, having received his recommendation, it is necessary to inform the fitness trainer about the diagnosis. Together with the instructor, you should select suitable exercises. It is advisable to use fitness for varicose veins of the legs under his supervision, not only focusing on your own feelings. By exceeding the load, you can harm yourself and aggravate varicose veins.

Recommendations:

  • use exercises with lifting up legs ("birch", "plow") for the outflow of venous blood;
  • Before training, you need to warm up, after training - rest, shower;
  • use compression underwear for training;
  • use elements of yoga or pilates (except exercises with strong muscle tension and in a static position);
  • Swim in warm water to improve leg condition and relieve symptoms

Going in for sports, physical activity with varicose veins must be kept under control, considering what is unacceptable:

  • over-strain your legs;
  • lift weights, standing and more than 3-5 kg;
  • squat intensively and a lot;
  • do exercises with shock loads (jumps, lunges).
  • What you can do in the gym:
  • on a treadmill - walking only;
  • on a stationary bike, train at a moderate pace (better on models that provide a lying position);
  • aerobics and jogging (excluding jumping).

Use a set of exercises that you can do for varicose veins at home. Regular gymnastics at home (performing special exercises) will significantly improve the condition of a patient with varicose veins.

  1. walking on toes;
  2. swing legs (exercises like "scissors", "bicycle");
  3. execution of "birch";
  4. plank (strengthens all muscles).

Tips:

  1. Decide, together with the doctor who diagnosed the stage of the disease, what kind of sport you can play with varicose veins.
  2. Taking into account the recommendations of the phlebologist, together with the instructor, develop an appropriate set of exercises.
  3. Do not do anything without your doctor's permission.
  4. For training or fitness, purchase special knitwear (compression leggings, knee socks, leotards, overalls) that improve the outflow of venous blood and lymph.
  5. Eat a healthy diet by minimizing fat and blood clotting carbohydrates. Give preference to protein foods.
  6. You can use light morning jogging, jogging without obstacles and climbs.
  7. Eat foods that reduce the risk of clogged veins and thrombosis, reduce clotting (lemon, red currant, ginger, garlic).
  8. Contrasting baths, evening foot massage are useful.

For training to be beneficial, you must follow the doctor's recommendations, avoid excessive exertion. When sedentary work (on a computer), you should periodically do a warm-up.