Treatment of different types of varicose veins

varicose veins in the legs

The article will focus on the very definition of varicose veins, its symptoms and prerequisites. We will also talk about how to cure varicose veins (depending on its location) on the legs, varicose veins of the pelvic organs and more.

Varicose veins are a disease of the superficial veins in which the valves of the veins cease to function normally, as a result of which blood flow is disturbed and the veins become deformed and thickened.

Varicose veins on the legs are more common. But there are other forms of this disease, such as varicose veins in the pelvis or esophageal varices.

It can be noted that women are more susceptible to this disease, to some extent, due to their physiology. Also, according to statistics, tall and overweight people can suffer from varicose veins more often than others.

And yet, despite the prevalence of this disease, in most cases, surgical surgical treatment can be avoided. Of course, the most important aspect is the prevention of venous diseases, timely detection of this disease in the initial and not yet advanced stages and a visit to a doctor treating venous circulation disorders (phlebologist).

With varicose veins, the symptoms of the disease will depend on the organ in which the disease appears.

Varicose veins on the legs can be characterized by the following symptoms: nodular swellings and tubercles appear in place of veins; pain syndrome is present and edema may occur, appearing in the late afternoon. External signs are manifested in a change in skin color; you may feel warmth (or burning) in the veins, and blood clots may form in the veins.

If varicose expansion of the lower extremities is observed, then the following symptoms are added to the previous symptoms: cramps sometimes appear in the legs (most often at night). In the later stages of the development of varicose veins or thrombophlebitis, the formation of trophic ulcers is possible; the skin on the legs becomes noticeably denser.

Signs of esophageal varicose veins also have their own distinctive features. The symptoms of esophageal varices include the following factors:

  • enlarged hemorrhoidal veins;
  • enlargement of the spleen;
  • expansion of the superficial veins of the anterior abdominal wall;
  • accumulation of free fluid in the abdominal cavity;
  • black chair;
  • vomiting with blood splashes;
  • coughing up blood;
  • gastroesophageal bleeding (rare).

The causes of varicose veins

causes of varicose veins

The prerequisites for the occurrence of varicose veins include a genetic predisposition, diseases of the endocrine system, hormonal disruptions or an improper lifestyle. The disease itself is not directly inherited.

Genetic causes are pathologies in the structure of the veins, such as insufficient supply of veins with valves or
anatomical abnormalities (wrong number of valves or underdevelopment).

In women, varicose veins develop during periods associated with hormonal changes. These are periods of life such as puberty, pregnancy and the postpartum state, as well as menopause.
It was also noticed that varicose veins can develop with the use of hormonal contraception or with treatment with steroid drugs.

Varicose veins are also triggered by an improper lifestyle (smoking, alcohol abuse, inactivity), and work that forces you to stand or sit in one position for a long time. methods of treating varicose veins, you can by clicking on the link.

Varicose veins of the small pelvis are caused by chronic or frequent inflammatory processes of the pelvic organs. And the reason for the appearance of a disease of varicose veins of the esophagus can be diseases of the cardiovascular system, diseases of the liver, pancreas and other organs of the abdominal cavity. Next, I would like to talk about how to treat varicose veins.

Treatment of varicose veins with drugs

To restore the tone of the veins and prevent the further development of the disease, drugs are prescribed that have a tonic effect on the walls of the veins, reduce venous stasis of blood and lymph outflow, and improve blood microcirculation.

Home Treatment

varicose veins treatment at home

How to cure varicose veins on the legs without going to the hospital? Very simple! Observe the following rules and soon you will forget about this ailment.Be sure to bandage your legs with elastic bands while you are at home. Wear compression stockings and underwear. In the period of exacerbation of varicose veins, in no case take a hot shower or bath, because this can only worsen your condition.

Try not to sit for long periods without changing your position. In a sitting position, it is not advisable to cross your legs. It is also not recommended to wear high-heeled shoes. You can do short self-massage sessions every day. For example, here is a very simple way to treat varicose veins at home using cabbage.

Cabbage leaf compress

Take cabbage leaves, rinse well and refrigerate for 24 hours. Bandage your legs with these leaves overnight for one month. Also, dressings can be done with fresh tomato gruel.

You can also use an ointment for varicose veins (such as Troxevasin) and practice herbal varicose veins. There are also alternative treatments for this ailment, such as hirudotherapy or laser therapy.

Treatment of varicose veins with leeches

As with vein diseases, hirudotherapy makes a significant contribution to the prevention of varicose veins. It is noticed that the saliva of leeches contains a natural anticoagulant - hirudin. He also copes well with the task of clotting and lowering blood viscosity. It has been observed that arterial spasms disappear with leech therapy.

treatment of varicose veins with leeches

But this procedure is not recommended for people who have anemia, decreased blood clotting. People who have undergone this procedure say that a leech bite is comparable to a nettle burn. So there is no need to be afraid of hirudotherapy. In our time, the treatment of varicose veins is more often used, the reviews for which are twofold (after all, the procedure has its pluses and minuses).

Laser Treatment

Laser treatment of varicose veins has the following advantages:

  • fast rehabilitation period;
  • almost complete absence of pain during the procedure;
  • short procedure time;
  • cosmetic effect (no scars);
  • long-term healing effect;

The disadvantages of this procedure include the following factors:

  • hematoma formation;
  • violation of sensitivity;
  • blood clots.

Treatment of varicose veins with a laser is carried out under the control of an ultrasound scanner. During the procedure, the LED is passed through a small puncture into the vein cavity. A laser is used to "weld" the damaged vessel to the machine.

Physiotherapy for varicose veins of the small pelvis (exercise therapy)

Pelvic varicose veins are treated with conservative methods or surgery, but in most cases it is still possible to treat varicose veins without surgery. I would also like to talk about how to treat pelvic varicose veins with exercise.

To relieve symptoms of the disease and prevent its progression, do the following exercises every day.

Exercise 1

Get into a standing starting position. Spread your arms to the sides. As you inhale, lean forward, trying to reach the floor as you exhale. Take your original position.

Repeat this exercise ten times, once in 3 sets.

Exercise 2

Lie on your back with both knees bent. As you exhale, lift your pelvic body and return to the original state as you exhale.

Repeat this exercise ten times slowly. You can also do the bike exercise.

Treatment of esophageal varicose veins

A doctor treating varicose veins of the esophagus will definitely prescribe the patient a strict diet.

Diet Food

In case of esophageal varices, the following foods should not be consumed:

  • sparkling water; fatty and spicy foods;
  • smoked food; pickles;
  • fried food; rough food (croutons, etc. );
  • alcoholic beverages; the juice;
  • raw vegetables and fruits.

And here are the foods that are recommended to eat more often:

  • low fat vegetable soups;
  • porridge; steamed fruits and vegetables;
  • low-fat fish and meat varieties;
  • not spicy cheeses; jelly;
  • milk, kefir, cottage cheese.

This form of varicose veins is best treated with surgery.


It is customary to carry out portocaval and splenorenal anastomosis with preservation or removal of the spleen, to do devascularization of the cardioesophageal region, bilateral vagotomy, to cross the ligament of the portal and azygos veins (Tanner's operation), to suture or subsidize the veins of the esophagus, ligation of the gastroesophageal vein and the esophageal vasculaturestomach, transthoracic esophagogastrostomy.

Any mentioned operation has a good effect, varicose veins disappear. But with surgery, there is always a risk of complications. Next, a few words about how to cure varicose veins with folk remedies.

Traditional medicine

Traditional medicine also offers effective treatment of varicose veins without surgery. Here is one effective cure for varicose veins.

Garlic with honey

Take 250 grams of mashed garlic, add 350 grams of not thick flowing honey to it. Mix the ingredients thoroughly and set aside in a cool dark place for 7 days. You need to take this mixture in 1 tbsp. spoon 3 r / day (30 minutes before meals). The course of treatment should be two months.

Apple Cider Vinegar Treatment

How to treat varicose veins on the legs with apple cider vinegar? In the morning and evening, you can rub your feet with apple cider vinegar. You can also use vinegar inside, 2 teaspoons, diluted in 250 grams of water, 2-3 times a day.